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Best way of tuning a sample?
Forum Index - SMW Hacking - SMW Hacking Help - Custom Music - Best way of tuning a sample?
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I'm wondering what the best way of tuning a sample is. Currently I just tune it by ear with the brr player. I've also tried using the spc to mml converter to get the right tuning, but that doesn't always seem to be reliable.

Originally posted by Skeagle
I'm wondering what the best way of tuning a sample is. Currently I just tune it by ear with the brr player. I've also tried using the spc to mml converter to get the right tuning, but that doesn't always seem to be reliable.


Tuning it by ear is pretty much the best way in my opinion. It's what I do anyways.

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I also heard there was a way to see the sample tunings in a hex editor, but I'm not sure if that only applies to certain types of spc's.
tuning a specific sample /changing it's pitch in a channel can be done in many ways:

1. use the tuning[x]=y command
- x = the sample value, so i.e., for @30, put 30 inside
- y = changes the pitch of that sample, but for some reason it's reverse.
- If you want it at a high pitch, the number has to be negative.
- If you want it at a low pitch, the number has to be positive.

2. use the hX command inside a channel
- this allows for specific pitch changes inside a channel as a whole.
- X = the pitch value... and it's not in reverse.

3. at the beginning of the song (or in the middle), use the $E4 $XX command.
- this changes the pitch of the whole song (but be careful with this. If you don't wanna screw with the percussion, you're gonna have to use the reverse pitch for those samples)
- XX: It starts at $00, if you wanna go lower, use $FF - ..., or higher, $01 + ...

4. For slight tuning, you can use the $EE $XX command
- It allows for specific tuning of the channel it's being used in.

These are basically the ways to do it inside of a song... but if you wanna mess with a brr file... that's out of my world.

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Originally posted by Hooded Edge

He was asking more on the lines on "how to do it properly so that my sample is in tune?", not what the available methods are.




I guess I'll just add my own suggestions anyway.

Usually, if your sample comes from another SPC, then your best bet would be to recognize any note where the sample is used in the original SPC, pausing, and taking a look at the pitch number for that particular note and having your own sample match that number as close as possible using finetuning.

The other method is playing a long C note with an already tuned sample (like any default SMW sample) and then playing a long C note of your custom sample right after it, using your ear to make your sample's tuning as close as possible to the reference one.
Originally posted by Maxodex
Originally posted by Hooded Edge

Usually, if your sample comes from another SPC, then your best bet would be to recognize any note where the sample is used in the original SPC, pausing, and taking a look at the pitch number for that particular note and having your own sample match that number as close as possible using finetuning.

The other method is playing a long C note with an already tuned sample (like any default SMW sample) and then playing a long C note of your custom sample right after it, using your ear to make your sample's tuning as close as possible to the reference one.

Thanks, this was pretty helpful.
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